Croatia Flag History

Croatia flag has a special meaning for Croatian people. It's a symbol and Croatian pride for centuries-old desire for independence. Croatian people have finally got his long-awaited flag.

This horizontal tricolor of red, white and blue with red cubes and silver coat of arms , was introduced for the first time 1848. It has been always the symbol of Croatian people and Croatia’s sovereignty.

The current flag and the coat of arms were officially introduced on December 21, 1990, about ten months before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia and a day before the Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990.

The coat-of-arms of the Republic of Croatia is the historical Croatian coat-of-arms whose base consists of 25 alternating red and white fields.

Article 11 of the new constitution of the Republic of Croatia, proclaimed  by parliament on 22nd December 1990, states:

The coat-of-arms of the Republic of Croatia is the historical Croatian coat-of-arms whose base consists of 25 alternating red and white fields. The flag of the Republic of Croatia consists of three colors: red, white and blue, with the historical Croatian coat-of-arms in the center. The description of the historic Croatian coat-of-arms and flag and their use shall be regulated by law.

Above the coat-of-arms is a crown with five peaks containing five small emblems shields that represent (from left to right), the oldest known Croatian coat-of-arms, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia.

Croatia Flag Through The History

This beautiful and unique flag through the history has been misused. While the tricolor has been an important sign of Croatian national identity since the mid nineteenth century, some various coats of arms and symbols has been added to give some ideological and political significance.

The particular importance has the use of the Croatian coat of arms, a kind of medieval armorial shield that consists of red and white cube pattern, known as the 'Sahovnica’  (chessboard)

Through Croatia’s past this coat of arms has been used by regimes with different ideologies views from fascism to communism. During World War II, the pro-Nazi ‘Ustase’ regime used their sign that represents extreme Croatian nationalism. During the communist regime, Croatia flag was replaced by a red star in the middle.

Here are some flags that belong to different historical period and to various Croatia's regions. Here you can read all about Croatia flags!

Three bands red, white and blue with the Croatian coat of arms, from 1992
Flag of Independent State of Croatia, Ustasha regime from 1941-1945
Flag of Croatia under the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1947-1990)
The historical flag of the region of Dalmatia
The historical flag of the region of Istria
The historical flag of the region of Slavonia

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